With the advantages of geographic location, traffic connection, in recent years, Bien Hoa city, 2 districts of Long Thanh and Nhon Trach have become "magnets" attracting strong investment for the province. Therefore, the number of industrial parks (IZs) opened in these localities has also increased quite rapidly.
Nhon Trach district is the locality with the most industrial zones in the province with 9 industrial zones which have been established and put into operation. Photo: Huong Giang
The opening of many industrial parks is the driving force for localities to have high economic growth, but it is accompanied by challenges in social security, environmental protection, security and privacy ... Therefore, Dong Nai is currently considering stopping the opening of new IPs in these localities.
* Accounting for nearly 65% of the province's industrial zones
With the advantage of being located near the country's largest urban center, Ho Chi Minh City and synchronous transportation system, many industrial zones were soon established in Bien Hoa city.
Currently, in 3 localities, including Bien Hoa City, Long Thanh District and Nhon Trach, in addition to 20 industrial zones already in operation, in Nhon Trach district, there is also Long Thanh high-tech industrial park under construction. In addition, the People's Committee of Long Thanh district also proposed to include 4 industrial parks in the coming period, including 2 industrial zones in Phuoc Binh commune and 2 industrial zones in Binh An and Tan Hiep communes; Nhon Trach District People's Committee proposed to include an additional industrial park in Phuoc An commune.
After Amata Industrial Park, until 2007, Agtex Long Binh Industrial Park was the newest industrial park established. So far, in Bien Hoa City, there have been 6 industrial zones established and put into operation. Not a small number for a central urban area of the province.
However, talking about the speed of development of industrial zones in the province, Nhon Trach is the leading locality. Starting in 1997, there were only 3 industrial zones in Nhon Trach district, including Nhon Trach I, II and III industrial zones. After 11 years, up to the landmark of the newest industrial park established, Ong Keo Industrial Park (established in 2008), in Nhon Trach district, 9 industrial zones were established and put into operation.
Meanwhile, although starting later (the first two industrial zones were established in 2003), up to now, in Long Thanh district, 5 industrial zones have been established and put into operation.
According to the Dong Nai Industrial Zones Authority, there are 31 industrial zones in operation in the province, of which, provinces including Bien Hoa City, Long Thanh and Nhon Trach are localities with many industrial zones. Best. With 20 industrial zones established and put into operation, these 3 localities now account for nearly 65% of the industrial zones that have been established and put into operation in the province.
Bien Hoa City is currently the central urban area of the province with 6 industrial zones established and put into operation In the photo: Bien Hoa Industrial Park 2. Photo: Le Dung
Mr. Mai Van Nhon, Deputy Head of Dong Nai Industrial Zones Authority, said that Bien Hoa City and Long Thanh and Nhon Trach districts have a favorable location, technical infrastructure, especially transport infrastructure, development. synchronization should have a great attraction for investors. Therefore, the number of industrial zones in these localities has increased rapidly to meet the needs of receiving capital flows from investors.
* Consider stopping opening new IPs
In fact, the opening of IPs has helped localities get the driving force for economic growth, create jobs and improve people's incomes.
In Nhon Trach district, from 2011 up to now, the local average annual GRDP growth rate is always 16-17%. “Currently, projects are operating in industrial zones in the district to create jobs for more than 110,000 workers. The average salary of the employee is from 6.5 to 8.5 million VND / person / month ”- Mr. Le Thanh My, Chairman of Nhon Trach district People's Committee said.
However, the "hot" development of industrial zones also puts pressure on the locality. Most prominent is the imbalance in the economic structure. Currently, in the economic structure of Nhon Trach district, the proportion of industry accounts for 90.6%. Along with that, the rapid increase of the annual mechanical population due to migrant workers from other places to work in industrial zones also creates a great pressure on the locality in solving social security issues such as: housing, health, education ...
The graphic shows the distribution of 31 operating industrial zones in the province. (Information: Pham Tung - Graphics: Navy)
Similarly, Bien Hoa City also faces pressures due to the rapid increase in the mechanical population, mainly due to the rapid increase in the number of migrant workers coming to work in the industrial zones in the area.
The rapid increase of the mechanical population mainly comes from the number of workers from outside the province who come to live and work in factories and factories in the industrial zones in the area, making the traffic congestion become more and more serious, especially. is at the roads connecting with the IPs. Along with that, the demand for housing, schools for workers' children also increased while the investment resources of the city were not enough to meet the demand.
Mr. Pham Anh Dung, Chairman of Bien Hoa City People's Committee admitted, h
Every year, tens of thousands of workers migrate to Bien Hoa, causing the city's population to increase rapidly, putting pressure on infrastructure, job creation, and social security.
Member of the Party Central Committee, Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, Chairman of the Provincial People's Council Nguyen Phu Cuong said that in Bien Hoa City, Long Thanh District and Nhon Trach there are now many industrial zones. Industrial zones create economic growth and jobs for the people. However, the consequences of having many IPs are also very large, so the province is considering not to open more new industrial zones in these three localities. "Recently, the Board of TVTU has also expected not to open more IPs in Bien Hoa City, Long Thanh District and Nhon Trach because there are too many" - Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee Nguyen Phu Cuong said.
* Prioritize the development of urban services
Not giving priority to the goal of opening a new industrial park to create a driving force for growth, Dong Nai immediately shaped a new direction for the "triangle" development axis of Bien Hoa - Long Thanh - Nhon Trach. That is the development of service towns.
The "nucleus" for this development direction is the "super" project of Long Thanh International Airport (Airport) in Long Thanh district which will be started construction in the near future.
Long Thanh Airport, with its position as the largest and most important airport in our country, when the construction is completed, not only brings the value of traffic connection, meeting the needs of transporting passengers and goods, but also considered as will create a "driver" of economic development. In particular, with the development direction of an airport city (Airport City), a special urban model with air transport services as the center to form and develop industrial centers, commercial services. Logistics, conferences, offices, medical facilities, restaurants, hotels, entertainment, transportation systems ..., Long Thanh Airport will also open up opportunities for Dong Nai to develop. a service urban model in the "triangle" of development of Bien Hoa - Long Thanh - Nhon Trach.
Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee Nguyen Phu Cuong emphasized that the construction of Long Thanh Airport will create many opportunities for Dong Nai to develop strongly a service urban area in 3 localities, Bien Hoa City, Long Thanh District and Nhon Trach. Therefore, at present, the province has planned to plan more than 2.7 thousand hectares in the area of 2 communes, Binh An and Tan Hiep, to develop urban service industrial zones.
Previously, when discussing the solution of Nhon Trach new urban development in the coming time, the Standing Deputy Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee Ho Thanh Son also suggested the authorities should consider and calculate the factors associated with development. development of this urban area with the urban area of Long Thanh Airport.
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